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  • Pentagon: China Restructures for War

    Pentagon: China Restructures for War

    Details of island building in S. China Sea disclosed

    May 13, 2016
    By Bill Gertz

    China’s military underwent a major restructuring last year in a bid to prepare its military for conflict, the Pentagon said in its latest annual assessment of the Communist Party-controlled People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

    The armed forces were reformed with new military regions, a new command structure, and updated strategies to better fight regional, high technology warfare, the 145-page report to Congress says.

    “These reforms aim to strengthen the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) control over the military, enhance the PLA’s ability to conduct joint operations, and improve its ability to fight short-duration, high-intensity regional conflicts at greater distances from the Chinese mainland,” the report said.

    Abraham Denmark, deputy assistant defense secretary for East Asia, told reporters the military reforms “are intended to enhance the PLA’s ability to conduct joint operations by replacing the old military regions with new geographic commands.”

    “Our approach focuses on reducing risk, expanding common ground, and maintaining our military superiority,” Denmark said.

    As part of its military strategy, China continued to expand its building of new islands in the South China Sea where military forces can be used to control the strategic waterway linking the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

    From some of the 3,200 acres of new islands, “China will be able to use them as persistent civil-military bases to enhance its long-term presence in the South China Sea significantly,” the report said.

    China also is asserting sovereignty over Japan’s Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea.

    Beijing has been careful to avoid a confrontation with the United States over the maritime disputes and used “coercive tactics short of armed conflict” in pressing its policies, the report said.

    The PLA continued a major build up of military forces across the range of weapons and troops, including large numbers of new missiles, warships, aircraft, along with cyber warfare capabilities and space weaponry.

    The report said among the challenges for the Chinese military is widespread corruption that ensnared more than 40 senior PLA officers in illegal activities since 2012, including the PLA’s most senior officer.

    Chinese leader Xi Jinping has told the PLA to prepare to “fight and win” battles, and the Pentagon said the slogan is an indication Chinese leaders are concerned the military, which has not fought a war in more than 30 years, may not fare well in modern combat.

    The Chinese military restructuring was announced late last year when China set up five new regional “theaters” out of seven military regions and restructured its military command system and services.

    The separate nuclear and conventional missile service, Second Artillery Corps, was renamed the Rocket Force.

    A new Strategic Support Force was created that includes the military intelligence service, and space warfare and cyber warfare forces, key elements of China’s asymmetric strategy aimed at defeating more advanced U.S. forces in a war.

    The report reveals that China is expanding its ability to conduct military operations far from Chinese territory. However, fighting a war over Taiwan remains the PLA’s top priority.

    “China is expanding its access to foreign ports to pre-position the necessary logistics support to regularize and sustain deployments in the ‘far seas,’ waters as distant as the Indian Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, and Atlantic Ocean,” the report said.

    The report included detailed satellite photos of disputed South China Sea islands where military facilities are being built.

    Last year, China sped up island building in the Spratly Islands, claimed by China, Philippines, Taiwan, and other states in the region.

    In early October, island building was completed and the Chinese began building infrastructure including three 9,800-foot runways, communications, and surveillance gear.

    The construction indicates China “is attempting to bolster its de facto control by improving military and civilian infrastructure in the South China Seas.”

    The airfields, harbors, and resupply facilities will allow China to “detect and challenge” rival claimants to the island and increase the military capabilities available to China and short their deployment times.

    The report shows before-and-after pictures of seven disputed Spratly islands, including Fiery Cross Reef where a major buildup took place on 663 new acres of the island.

    China’s missile buildup is one of the most prominent features of the PLA arsenal with new missiles and the addition of multiple warheads on both new and older systems.

    The report also revealed that China is planning a new long-range stealth bomber that would give Beijing a nuclear triad along with ground- and sea-based strategic missiles.

    China “is developing and testing several new classes and variants of offensive missiles, including a hypersonic glide vehicle; forming additional missile units; upgrading older missile systems; and developing methods to counter ballistic missile defenses,” the report said.

    Several new attack and ballistic missile submarines also have been built and are continuing to be deployed.

    China is also building up its space warfare capabilities, and last year, it advanced work on an anti-satellite missile tested in July 2014.

    A section of the report on China’s energy strategy reveals that China will remain heavily dependent on foreign oil. Sixty percent of its oil was imported in 2015, and by 2035, Beijing will be importing 80 percent of its oil.

    Energy supplies are vulnerable to disruption as some 83 percent of China’s oil currently passes through the South China Sea and Strait of Malacca.

    Land pipelines are being built from Russia and Kazakhstan as part of efforts to maintain a supply chain that is less susceptible to disruption.

    The report described China’s development of long-range precision attack capabilities as “extraordinarily rapid.”

    Ten years ago China’s military had a limited capability to strike targets beyond the 100-mile-wide Taiwan Strait. “Today, however, China is fielding an array of conventionally armed short-range ballistic missiles (SRBMs), as well as ground- and air-launched land-attack cruise missiles (LACMs), special operations forces (SOF), and cyber warfare capabilities to hold targets at risk throughout the region,” the report said.

    “U.S. bases in Japan are in range of a growing number of Chinese [medium-range ballistic missiles] as well as a variety of [land-attack cruise missiles],” the report said, adding that Guam could be targeted by long-range cruise missiles on H-6K bombers that conducted the first flights into the Pacific last year.

    The DF-26 missile also was unveiled at a military parade and can conduct precision attacks on Guam, a major U.S. military hub and a key base for the Pentagon’s pivot to Asia.

    Land-attack cruise missiles also are far more accurate and can strike enemy airbases, logistic centers, communications, and other ground-based infrastructure.

    In a future conflict, the PLA plans to attack supply centers and power projection capabilities that are used in coordinating transportation, communications, and logistics.

    China’s military spending was estimated in the report to be greater than $180 billion but could be larger because of Chinese secrecy. The report estimates the budget will grow to $260 billion by 2020.

    The report contains a section explaining that the PLA remains a politicized “Party army” rather than a traditional national armed force.

    Chinese state media rejects the notion of an apolitical national army because Chinese leaders regard the Soviet Communist Party lack of control over the military as a key factor in the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union.

    One new reform was creating a Political Work Department within the PLA to maintain party control. “The PLA’s political work system is the primary means through which the CCP ‘controls the gun’ in accordance with Mao Zedong’s famous dictum that ‘political power grows out of the barrel of a gun,’” the report says.

    Control mechanisms include political commissars, a Party committee system, and Party investigative units.

    The Pentagon’s policy, according to the report, seeks to “deepen practical cooperation” while managing differences, a policy that critics say has led to misunderstanding China’s growing official animosity toward the United States.

    The solution offered in the report for dealing with the increasing Chinese military threat is to “monitor and adapt” to the buildup and encourage Beijing to end the secrecy of its strategy and arms buildup.

    The report made no mention of China’s growing anti-American stance as reflected in both state-run media and official military writings.

    In 2013, China’s Communist Party-affiliated newspaper Global Times published a detailed report on future nuclear attacks on the western United States showing how the strikes would kill 12 million Americans through blast and radiation.

    The Obama administration and Pentagon made no condemnation of the unprecedented nuclear threat.
    This article was originally published in forum thread: War With China? started by Ryan Ruck View original post
    Comments 26 Comments
    1. vector7's Avatar
      vector7 -
      Pompeo, Mattis Call on China to Remove Its Missiles From Spratly Islands

      © REUTERS / Stringer
      Asia & PacificGet short URL

      WASHINGTON (Sputnik) - US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Secretary of Defense James Mattis during talks with Chinese officials said the United States wants Beijing to withdraw its missiles from the Spratly islands in the South China Sea, the State Department said in a press release.

      "The United States called on China to withdraw its missile systems from disputed features in the Spratly Islands, and reaffirmed that all countries should avoid addressing disputes through coercion or intimidation," the release said after Pompeo and Mattis met with Chinese diplomats and security officials at the State Department.

      Earlier, Chinese Foreign Affairs Director Yang Jiechi, alongside Pompeo and Mattis at a joint press conference, said the situation in the South China Sea is moving "toward greater stability." According to the release, both countries during the talks, the second US-China Diplomatic and Security Dialogue, agreed to support a peaceful resolution of disputes, overflight issues and other lawful uses of the sea in the region.

      In May, Mattis said that despite Chinese President Xi Jinping’s pledge not to militarize the Spratly Islands, Beijing had moved weapons there. In turn, Beijing said that it had the sovereign right to send troops to any part of its territory.

      The Asia-Pacific region has several territorial disputes in the South China and East China seas that involve Brunei, China, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Beijing considers the Spratly archipelago as its territory, although a Hague-based court concluded that there was no legal basis for China's maritime claims.
    1. vector7's Avatar
      vector7 -
      China Building More Nuclear Attack Subs Than US Knew About - Report

      US think tanks and the Pentagon have underestimated the number of Chinese nuclear submarines under construction, a new analysis suggests.

      Pictures taken of the Bohai Shipyard and Longpo Naval Facility show that China has more nuclear attack subs in development than previously believed, Defense One reported Tuesday. The report said there is one extra submarine under construction that the Pentagon previously did not account for.

      Nevertheless, there are fewer operational nuclear subs than Western institutions believed, namely the US Department of Defense and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), the report says.

      CC BY-SA 3.0 / Severin.stalder / The Great Wall of China
      Beijing on Macron's EU Army Proposal: China Has Never Been Threat to Europe

      CSIS and Pentagon estimates of China's ocean-going nuclear force pegged the number of operational Jin- or 094-class submarines at four. Yet two of these underwater boats "appear not to be in operation," said Catherine Dill of the James Martin Center of Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, as quoted by Defense One.

      Notably, the Pentagon's 2018 China Military Report and CSIS' China Power group both stated that four 094-class submarines are active.

      By comparison, Russian nuclear forces feature nine strategic nuclear submarines "that provide continuous military patrols in the sea," Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said in May 2017, Sputnik reported. "The Russian Navy is also planning to increase the number of strategic nuclear submarines to 13, including seven ‘Boreys' with ‘Bulava' missiles," he said.

      The US nuclear-armed submarine fleet features 14 Ohio-class submarines, which are comparable in size to Russia's Borey-class and China's 094-class subs.
    1. vector7's Avatar
      vector7 -
      Senior Chinese Military Officer Calls For Attacks On US Ships In The South China Sea

      By Ryan Pickrell, Business Insider

      on The South China Sea is a powder keg, and one senior Chinese military officer seems interested in lighting the fuse even further.

      Dai Xu, a People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) senior colonel and president of the Institute of Marine Safety and Cooperation, suggested last weekend that the Chinese navy use force to counter US freedom-of-navigation operations in the South China Sea, Taiwan News reported Sunday. He spoke at a conference hosted by the nationalist, state-backed Chinese tabloid Global Times.

      “If the U.S. warships break into Chinese waters again, I suggest that two warships should be sent: one to stop it, and another one to ram it,” he said. “In our territorial waters, we won’t allow U.S. warships to create [a] disturbance.”

      Dai, famous for his hawkish rhetoric, argued that U.S. Navy freedom-of-navigation operations, or FONOPS, are provocations aimed at undermining China’s sovereignty rather than an actual attempt to ensure freedom of navigation in international waters. The U.S. Navy regularly sails destroyers and cruisers past Chinese-occupied territories in the South China Sea, while U.S. Air Force bombers tear past on routine overflights that often ruffle Beijing’s feathers.

      The most recent FONOP occurred in late November when the U.S. Navy sent the Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser USS Chancellorsville to challenge Chinese claims near the Paracel Islands.

      The Global Times is known for its often provocative articles, intentionally designed to appeal to an alternative audience and differ from the more rigid state media outlets like Xinhua. Dai’s rhetoric at the conference is consistent with that trend, as he seemed to welcome an increase in tension, suggesting that confrontation in the South China Sea could create an opportunity for mainland China to retake Taiwan.

      “It would boost the speed of our unification of Taiwan,” he told the conference. “Let’s just be prepared and wait. Once a strategic opportunity emerges, we should be ready to take over Taiwan.”

      Dai’s comments about the use of force in the South China Sea comes on the heels of a near-miss incident that occurred in September when a Chinese Luyang-class destroyer confronted the Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Decatur during a FONOP in the Spratly Islands.

      During the “unsafe” incident, the Chinese vessel reportedly made preparations to ram the American warship, forcing it off course. The showdown was characterized by one foreign policy expert as “the PLAN’s most direct and dangerous attempt to interfere with lawful US Navy navigation in the South China Sea to date.”
    1. vector7's Avatar
      vector7 -
      ‘Be ready’: China’s invasion threat

      Chinese official: ‘We should be ready to take over Taiwan’
      8:36 PM · Dec 10, 2018 ·

    1. vector7's Avatar
      vector7 -
      Is China Preparing for WAR Against US?

      By Paul Antonopoulos

      BEIJING, China – The biggest source of tension in relations between Beijing and Washington is the question of free navigation in the South China Sea and the status of Taiwan. These are the two main reasons that could trigger an armed confrontation between China and the United States, according to experts.

      Chinese President Xi Jinping has ordered the country’s military to accelerate its training and prepare for a possible war, the South China Morning Post reported.

      “All military units must correctly understand major national security and development trends, and strengthen their sense of unexpected hardship, crisis and battle,” said the country’s leader during a meeting with the administration of the Chinese Central Military Commission.

      China’s armed forces must “prepare for a comprehensive military struggle from a new starting point”, he said. “Preparation for war and combat must be deepened to ensure an efficient response in times of emergency.”

      Xi Jinping seeks to increase the Chinese Army’s defensive capability since the start of its warrant in 2012. The issue highlights that in 2019, the Chinese leader plans to step up activities in this direction.

      Earlier, the Chinese military newspaper also warned troops to prepare for war .

      The main areas of potential conflict are the South China Sea and Taiwan, which the Asian giant considers as its rebel province, which should rejoin Beijing.

      The United States represents an opponent for Beijing in both areas. Washington insists on free navigation in the waters of the South China Sea, which would imply the possibility of carrying out patrol missions in the area.

      In addition, the US expresses its support for Taiwan and opposes Beijing’s territorial claims. On the island there is no US embassy, ​​however, the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT), in fact, carries out embassy functions.

      In October 2018, two US Navy ships crossed the Taiwan Straits, causing concern to China.

      At the same time, AIT director William Brent Christensen pointed out that any attempt to determine Taiwan’s future with non-peaceful means poses a threat to regional security and warned that the US will not allow that to happen.

      Meanwhile, retired Chinese People’s Liberation Army (FARC) Colonel Yue Gang has suggested that the US does nothing more than seek pressure on Beijing in the context of the Sino-US trade war.

      “Over the coming year, the US might use Taiwan and the South China Sea as bargaining chips to get what it wants from China with regards to the trade war,” he said. “And there is always the possibility of increased independence calls from Taiwan.”
    1. vector7's Avatar
      vector7 -
      China's reaction to US Navy operation: We have missiles

      By Brad Lendon, CNN 57 mins ago

      China claims to have deployed missiles "capable of targeting medium and large ships" days after the latest US Navy "freedom of navigation" operation near contested islands in the South China Sea, state media announced.

      The deployment of the DF-26 ballistic missiles in China's remote northwest plateau, originally announced Tuesday on China Central Television, follows a mission from the US guided-missile destroyer USS McCampbell, which steamed close to the Paracel Islands, the previous day.

      Capable of hitting targets 3,400 miles (5,471 kilometers) away with nuclear or conventional warheads, the DF-26 was dubbed the "Guam killer" by analysts at the time because it would allow China to bring unprecedented firepower to the US island territory -- home to Andersen Air Force Base and other key US military installations.

      The 1.3 million-square-mile South China Sea has seen increasing tension in recent years, with China aggressively asserting its stake amid conflicting claims from several Southeast Asian nations.

      "McCampbell sailed within 12 nautical miles of the Paracel Islands to challenge excessive maritime claims and preserve access to the waterways as governed by international law," US Pacific Fleet spokesperson Lt. j.g. Rachel McMarr said in a statement.

      China accused the US of trespassing into its territorial waters.

      "The US action violated the Chinese laws and international laws, infringed China's sovereignty, damaged regional peace, security, and order," Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said on Monday. "China will take necessary actions to protect state sovereignty."

      Citing an anonymous expert, the Global Times said the DF-26 missile mobilization "is a good reminder that China is capable of safeguarding its territory."

      Beijing has built fortifications on contested islands, landed long-range bombers and last year President Xi Jinping, who claims the area has been Chinese territory since "ancient times," oversaw China's largest-ever naval parade there.

      The DF-26 missile system originally entered active service in the People's Liberation Army Rocket Forces last April. It was unveiled during a military parade in 2015 in Beijing in 2015.

      "Foremost among China's military assets capable of reaching Guam, the DF-26 IRBM represents the culmination of decades of advancements to China's conventional ballistic missile forces," a 2016 report from the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission said.

      According to a report from the Missile Defense Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, China may have an anti-ship version of the DF-26 under development -- and may have even tested it in 2017.

      Tuesday's Global Times report, citing an unnamed expert, said the DF-26 was deployed in China's northwest as it was protected from opposing anti-missile forces in that area.

      Despite Chinese warnings, the US is unlikely to stop challenging Beijing's claims in the South China Sea.

      Washington says China's construction and fortification of man-made islands puts trillions of dollars of trade, travel and communications under the thumb of Beijing.

      "The Trump administration is not going to back off in the face of Chinese pressure," Malcolm Davis, a senior analyst in defense strategy and capability at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute in Canberra, told CNN in December.

      Any US withdrawal would "severely undermine (US) credibility and encourage the Chinese to be more assertive and bold," he added.

      The McCampbell's "freedom of navigation" operation on Monday was the US Navy's first of 2019. Analysts said the US performed one about every eight weeks last year.

      One operation almost resulted in a collision between a US destroyer, the USS Decatur, and the Chinese one that challenged it, the Lanzhou, in September.

      The two vessels came within 45 yards (41 meters) of each other near the contested Spratly Islands, with the US Navy saying at the time that the Chinese warship "conducted a series of increasingly aggressive maneuvers accompanied by warnings for Decatur to depart the area."

      After the incident, some pro-Beijing commentators called for China's navy to go even further.

      "If a US warship illegally enters into Chinese territorial waters again, two Chinese warships should be sent, one to stop it and the other to bump against and sink it," Dai Xu, president of China's Institute of Marine Safety and Cooperation, was quoted as saying in an article on the Chinese military's English-language website.

      Meanwhile, President Xi reportedly started 2019 by ordering the country's military to enhance combat readiness.

      Speaking at a meeting of the Central Military Commission in Beijing on January 4, Xi said the PLA should "upgrade commanding capability of joint operations, foster new combat forces, and improve military training under combat conditions," according to a state media report.






      China Activates "Ship Killer" Dong-Feng Missiles After US Navy Buzzes Disputed Islands

      by Tyler Durden
      Wed, 01/09/2019 - 21:35

      China has activated its "ship killer" Dong Feng ballistic missiles after a US navy ship traveled within 12 nautical miles of the Parcel Islands "to challenge excessive maritime claims and preserve access to the waterways as governed by international law," according to a US Pacific Fleet Spokesman.


      In the 1990s, China laid claim to all of the Parcel Islands using a straight baseline around the entire archipelago, which it has labeled the Xisha Islands. The boundary is not recognized by international maritime law, while Vietnam and Taiwan have also laid claim to the islands.

      The USS McCampbell (DDG-85) passed by the disputed island on Monday, during which "The Chinese side immediately sent military vessel and aircraft," according to China's Foreign Ministry Spokesman, Lu Kang, adding that they warned the ship to leave."

      The deployment of the DF-26 missiles was reported by China's state-controlled Global Times, which tweeted a montage of brave and loyal Chinese servicemen driving Xi's Dongs to various locations in China set to the theme song of your average 1990s action movie. The missiles will not be positioned near the Taiwan Strait or the actual disputed islands - instead, the truck-mounted weapons have been sent to China's more remote plateau and desert areas.

      "A mobile missile launch from deep in the country’s interior is more difficult to intercept," said an expert quoted by the Global Times, who claimed that the DF-26 has a range of 4500km, more than enough to cover the entire South China Sea.

      "The DF-26 is China’s new generation of intermediate-range ballistic missile capable of targeting medium and large ships at sea," warned the Times," adding "It can carry both conventional and nuclear warheads."

      "During the initial phase of a ballistic missile launch, the missile is relatively slow and not difficult to detect, making it an easier target for enemy antimissile installations. After the missile enters a later stage, its speed is so high that chances for interception are significantly lower," reads the report - which points out that it could hit a US naval base in Guam - located in the middle of the Pacific.

      "The report is a good reminder that China is capable of safeguarding its territory," reads the report.

      Another video of the DF-21D set to yet more action movie music shows a CGI simulation of the Dong-Feng unsheathing at high altitude before its warhead reenters the earth's atmosphere and decimates a fleet of ships with what appears to be a nuclear blast.

      The US Navy's territorial test came weeks after Australian media published details from a speech by one of China's leading military commanders where he recommended sinking two US aircraft carriers to resolve the ongoing territorial dispute.

      During a wide-ranging speech on the state of Sino-US relations, Rear Admiral Lou Yuan told a Shenzhen audience that the current trade spat was 'definitely not simply friction over economics and trade," but a "prime strategic issue."

      His speech, delivered on December 20 to the 2018 Military Industry List summit, declared that China’s new and highly capable anti-ship ballistic and cruise missiles were more than capable of hitting US carriers, despite them being at the centre of a ‘bubble’ of defensive escorts.

      “What the United States fears the most is taking casualties,” Admiral Lou declared.
      He said the loss of one super carrier would cost the US the lives of 5000 service men and women. Sinking two would double that toll.

      “We’ll see how frightened America is.” -News.com.au

      Beijing has become more aggressive in recent years over the disputed islands - asserting sovereignty over the entirety of the South and East China seas despite an international arbitration court rejecting their claim, according to News.com.au.

      International law also prohibits Beijing to enforce territorial rights to the waters around artificial islands - which China has recently built on what was previously coral reefs.

      China has demanded that all nations respect a 12 nautical mile (22km) boundary around them.

      "We will continue to take necessary measures to safeguard national sovereignty and security," said Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu.
  • Recent Forum Posts

    Ryan Ruck

    Re: Beer!

    Wrapping up a rather hellacious week at work with an, out of the ordinary for me, import brew from Unibroue out of Canada. This is their Ale Gâteau Forêt-Noire

    Ryan Ruck June 15th, 2019, 03:04 Go to last post
    Ryan Ruck

    Re: Beer!

    Very smooth! Check your local import beer section since Evil Twin is out of Denmark.

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